The Keto diet has become a popular diet in recent years as a fast and effective way to lose unwanted pounds. But, how exactly does it work, and what can you do to maximize the long term results? Let’s break it down scientifically.
What is Keto?
First, let’s go over what exactly the Keto Diet is. “Keto” is actually short for Ketosis, the fat-burning process your body naturally enters when it doesn’t receive enough carbs to burn for energy. When you drastically cut down on the amount of carbohydrates you eat (less than 50 grams a day), the body begins to pull from fat reserves to create energy. This is why so many people on the Keto diet tend to slim down quickly.
What are Ketones?
When your body enters ketosis, your liver begins to turn fat into a substance called ketones. This substance is actually a type of acid that gets released into your bloodstream, and used by your muscles and other tissues to make fuel when it doesn’t receive enough glucose from carbohydrates.
How Does Keto Work?
Your body enters ketosis about 3-4 days after cutting carbs from your diet. In their place, you instead focus on a high protein and fat diet. All types of meat, cheese, nuts, oils and eggs are allowed on the Keto diet. Once ketosis starts, your body will continue to make ketones for fuel until you start consuming carbohydrates again. Many doctors recommend Keto for diabetic patients or those with a good bit of weight to lose. Studies show that it is also effective in reducing seizures in children with epilepsy.
The Keto diet isn’t for everyone. Women who are pregnant should not use the diet as ketones can be harmful to a fetus. Likewise, women who are breastfeeding should also avoid it. Also, people who take medicine that affects insulin levels in the body should not use Keto.
Because Keto drastically cuts the amount of carbohydrates you consume, it’s easy to become deficient in several types of vitamins and minerals. To avoid this, you should use supplements to ensure you are meeting the recommended daily values. Try Keto products from companies like NOW Foods or Nutramedix.