The use of IV technology has grown massively in the medical field. It has been used to automate and hasten a lot of processes. Before we delve into the news, let us first understand what IV technology is all about.
IV stands for intravenous therapy, which is a therapy that drives fluid directly into the human vein. This route is for both infusions, which is done using pressure due to gravity, and for injections which is done using syringes.
The IV route is the fastest and most efficient way to drive medications and fluid throughout the human body because these substances are driven directly into the bloodstream. The IV route is used to repair electrolyte imbalances, aid blood transfusions, replace fluids, etc.
5 Substances Used in IV Technology
In the medical field, substances that can be infused include blood substitutes, nutrition, volume expanders, buffer solutions, blood-based products, medications, etc. Here’s a breakdown of those substances.
Volume expanders: These are of two main types – colloids and crystalloids. Crystalloids are simply aqueous salts that are made up of mineral salts or other substances that are soluble in water, while colloids consist of insoluble molecules that are larger. For example, these include gelatin and blood. Volume expanders can either be hypertonic, isotonic, or hypotonic. However, it is advised that hypotonic fluids aren’t used on children because of its risk of negative effects.
Medications: As stated earlier, the faster way to input medications into the body system is through the IV route, unlike other routes like oral medications. IV medication is totally bioavailable, unlike oral digestion where most of the medications get lost in the digestive process before it even reaches the bloodstream. Some medications can only be given intravenously, like the intravenous propofol and immunoglobulin.
Buffer solutions: These solutions are used to treat alkalosis and acidosis. An example is intravenous sodium bicarbonate.
Blood-based products: These products are any part of the blood that is taken from a donor to use for blood transfusion. Blood transfusions are very important because they help to save lives in cases where they may be excessive blood loss as a result of trauma, accident, or even during surgery. They are also used to cure blood diseases like anemia. In cases where real blood is unavailable, blood surrogates or blood substitutes can be used.
Nutrition: Some people pass the normal oral eating process of ingestion and digestion by feeding intravenously on nutritional formulas that contain lipids, vitamins, minerals, salt, glucose, etc.
There has been a lot of evolution with IV technology since its inception. It has made the process of driving fluid into the bloodstream way easier than it used to be. However, there were some cases where the rate at which fluids were driven into the bloodstream became excessive, especially when dealing with drips.
To solve this, automated IV drips were introduced in the early 2000s and have continued to gain ground in several countries of the world. This helps to both estimate the required dosage that is to be given to patients and create a fast and efficient system where drip amounts and dosages can be switched interchangeably.